Plantar Fasciitis Bottom Foot Pain Treatment Sioux City
Symptoms and Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis
One of the most common causes of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a flat band of tissues that connect your toes with the heel. It supports the arch of the foot. A weak, swollen, and irritated plantar fascia may be caused due to strain.
As a result of the irritated fascia tissue, the bottom of your foot hurts when walking, jumping, or running. These activities increase the strain on the tissue, increasing the likelihood of developing the condition. It is common among middle-aged people, both active and inactive individuals. It is more common in those who are increasing their running or walking and those who are standing for prolonged periods of time in bad shoes. It can occur in one or both feet and in severe cases can be swollen.
Causes and Symptoms
Any straining of the arch ligament may lead to plantar fasciitis, and if the strain is repeated, then it will cause small tears in the ligament. This can result in extreme pain and swelling. Some common causes of this problem are:
- Too much inward roll of your feet when you walk or run (overpronating)
- A flat foot or high arch
- Increased body weight
- Using worn-out and old shoes, especially to run
- Tight Achilles tendons or tight calf muscles
After prolonged sitting, the first step creates a sharp pain in the plantar fascia. The pain and stiffness decrease after walking a few steps. Over time, the foot pain increases with the first few steps in the morning. It is worse with increased activity, and it will hurt more when running or climbing stairs. Plantar fasciitis can be confused with posterior tibialis sprains at the insertion on the bottom of the foot. The tendon inserts on the arch of the foot very close to the plantar fascia.
Treatment and Evaluation
Treatment and evaluation may or may not involve X-rays. X-rays rule out bone fractures and will provide some evaluation of swelling on the plantar fascia. Palpation of the foot will show sharp stabbing pain localized to the plantar fascia. The pain will usually be worse with specific activities, and relieved with others. Tightness is commonly found in the calf and hamstring muscles. People often show weakness in foot stability and strength. A past history of plantar fasciitis and a history of first feeling the symptoms are important. Your daily activities and exercise habits will be considered as well.
Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis
There are some home treatments to help get your foot better. Changing your regular activities can help you in the recovery process. Here are some tips:
- Avoid activities that may cause any strain; instead, give your foot some rest.
- Try using ice on the foot to get some relief for the pain.
- Do some stretching when you get up in the morning.
- Use comfortable and supportive shoes.
If home treatments do not resolve the condition in a week or two, formal office treatments might be required. Exercises will often require strengthening of the foot, ankle, knee, and hip muscles. Running often tightens the calf and hamstring muscles, which usually require stretching and massage therapy.
In-office therapies include electric therapy, massage therapy, cold laser, and the Graston Technique. Chronic tendonitis produces scar tissue in the muscle and tendons and can be a common source of pain. Treatment restores normal muscle movements, decreases scar tissue, and reduces inflammation. Stretching and strengthening exercises will be given during treatment.
Other common overtraining injuries include posterior tibialis tendonitis, shin splints, IT Band Syndrome, patellar tendonitis, and Achilles tendonitis. All of these injuries occur when the muscles or tendons are overwhelmed with trauma. Increasing mileage too quickly or changing terrain often can break down the tendon faster than it can repair itself. Achilles tendonitis is just one of many common running injuries.
Exercises and stretches can be found on our treatment page. Perform the exercises and stretches in a pain-free fashion. Overstretching or straining the Achilles tendon can aggravate the injury and bump, further delaying your recovery.