Achilles Tendinitis Pain Treatment Running Sioux City
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects your heel to the lower leg muscles called the calf muscles. The lower leg muscles are known to be very strong and powerful. The thick and strong tendon absorbs the stress that comes with every step. It has been shown that 11% of injuries to the Achilles tendon occur while running.
Activities That Can Cause or Aggravate Achilles Injuries
A tendon absorbs and transmits the force from the muscle onto the bone. Muscle contraction is used to transmit contraction forces and move the corresponding joint. Climbing up steps requires contraction of the glute and hamstring muscles. It also absorbs body weight with every step. Stepping down a curb requires the calf muscle to absorb all of the body weight and places tremendous stress on the Achilles. There are several activities that increase stress and strain and can cause injury to the Achilles tendon, including:
During certain activities, the Achilles tendon is forced to carry 12 times your body weight, which can cause Achilles tendinosis or tendonitis. Wearing too tight or inflexible running shoes can increase the stress and further increase the likelihood of injury.
Achilles Running Injuries
Runners usually become victims of Achilles tendonitis. Rest is often required to let the tendon heal. Modifying running mileage, speed, shoes, hills, and terrain is also important to recovery. In many cases, the tendonitis will disappear with rest, ice, home treatment, and training modification. However, the pain often returns when the running resumes. A formal rehabilitation program is usually required in order to prevent further irritation or injury.
Symptoms of Achilles Tendinosis:
- Soreness and pain in the Achilles
- Stiffness, dull pain, or sharp stabbing pains
- Difficulty walking or climbing stairs
- Frequent pain in the Achilles
A tender bump or nodule is often found on the Achilles tendon. This bump slowly gets bigger and more painful with time. The pain becomes sharper with activity, especially jumping, climbing stairs, running on uneven ground, or sprinting. The bump feels better with rest and ice. This bump is the location of the injured Achilles, and it is a healing reaction. A larger and more tender bump indicates a more severe injury. Every step places stress on this bump. With treatment, the bump gets smaller, but people often start running before the spot can completely heal. The weakened tendon then flares up with running or another stressful activity.
Achilles pain can be prevented by avoiding overtraining, with proper recovery and rest, by using proper running shoes, and by following a regular strengthening and stretching schedule. A simple stretch for the calf can be performed at home and is painfree.
- Start the exercise facing up the stairs while standing on a stair.
- Heels should be off the stair and toes on the stair.
- Lower your heel slowly so that the heel drops below the step.
- To lengthen the muscles, lightly stretch the muscle.
- A slight stretch should be felt in the calf.
- Now return to the starting position.
- Repeat this several times a day.
Treatment of Achilles Pain
Achilles pain can be effectively treated with the Graston Technique, which decreases scar tissue formation and increases cellular repair in tendons and ligaments. This treatment, when combined with vibration and proprioception therapy, enhances collagen repair. Active treatments can help decrease pain and inflammation. Active treatments include electric, heat, ice, stretching, exercise, ultrasound, cold laser, the Graston Technique, ART, ASTYM, massage therapy, and manual therapy. More information on Achilles pain treatment can be found on our treatment page.
Athletes commonly suffer from Achilles pain, so treatment depends on the workload of the athlete and the severity of the injury. Treatment may include:
- Applying ice
- Taking rest
- Electric therapy
- Proprioceptive therapy
- Stretching of the calves and hamstrings
- Modification of activities and training schedule
- The Graston Technique
Our office will help you with some techniques that will speed up the Achilles healing process. If you experience Achilles pain while running, treatment should be provided early. Ice, rest, and early at-home treatments will provide the greatest benefit. Ignoring the pain often leads to greater injuries and longer recovery times.
Treatment exercises and stretches will be performed in the office and at home.
Exercises will often require strengthening of the foot, ankle, knee, and hip muscles. Running often tightens the calf and hamstring muscles, which usually require stretching and massage therapy.
Other common overtraining injuries include posterior tibialis sprains, shin splints, IT Band Syndrome, plantar fasciitis, and patella tendonitis. All of these injuries occur when the muscles or tendons are overwhelmed with trauma. Increasing mileage too quickly or changing terrain often can break down the tendon faster than it can repair itself. Achilles tendonitis is just one of many common running injuries.
Exercises and stretches can be found on our treatment page. Perform the exercises and stretches in a pain-free fashion. Overstretching or straining the Achilles tendon can aggravate the injury and bump, further delaying your recovery.